ยป Keras API reference / Layers API / Core layers / Masking layer

Masking layer

Masking class

tf.keras.layers.Masking(mask_value=0.0, **kwargs)

Masks a sequence by using a mask value to skip timesteps.

For each timestep in the input tensor (dimension #1 in the tensor), if all values in the input tensor at that timestep are equal to mask_value, then the timestep will be masked (skipped) in all downstream layers (as long as they support masking).

If any downstream layer does not support masking yet receives such an input mask, an exception will be raised.

Example

Consider a Numpy data array x of shape (samples, timesteps, features), to be fed to an LSTM layer. You want to mask timestep #3 and #5 because you lack data for these timesteps. You can:

  • Set x[:, 3, :] = 0. and x[:, 5, :] = 0.
  • Insert a Masking layer with mask_value=0. before the LSTM layer:
samples, timesteps, features = 32, 10, 8
inputs = np.random.random([samples, timesteps, features]).astype(np.float32)
inputs[:, 3, :] = 0.
inputs[:, 5, :] = 0.

model = tf.keras.models.Sequential()
model.add(tf.keras.layers.Masking(mask_value=0.,
                                  input_shape=(timesteps, features)))
model.add(tf.keras.layers.LSTM(32))

output = model(inputs)
# The time step 3 and 5 will be skipped from LSTM calculation.

See the masking and padding guide for more details.