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Embedding

keras.layers.Embedding(input_dim, output_dim, embeddings_initializer='uniform', embeddings_regularizer=None, activity_regularizer=None, embeddings_constraint=None, mask_zero=False, input_length=None)

Turns positive integers (indexes) into dense vectors of fixed size. eg. [[4], [20]] -> [[0.25, 0.1], [0.6, -0.2]]

This layer can only be used as the first layer in a model.

Example

  model = Sequential()
  model.add(Embedding(1000, 64, input_length=10))
  # the model will take as input an integer matrix of size (batch, input_length).
  # the largest integer (i.e. word index) in the input should be no larger than 999 (vocabulary size).
  # now model.output_shape == (None, 10, 64), where None is the batch dimension.

  input_array = np.random.randint(1000, size=(32, 10))

  model.compile('rmsprop', 'mse')
  output_array = model.predict(input_array)
  assert output_array.shape == (32, 10, 64)

Arguments

  • input_dim: int > 0. Size of the vocabulary, i.e. maximum integer index + 1.
  • output_dim: int >= 0. Dimension of the dense embedding.
  • embeddings_initializer: Initializer for the embeddings matrix (see initializers).
  • embeddings_regularizer: Regularizer function applied to the embeddings matrix (see regularizer).
  • embeddings_constraint: Constraint function applied to the embeddings matrix (see constraints).
  • mask_zero: Whether or not the input value 0 is a special "padding" value that should be masked out. This is useful when using recurrent layers which may take variable length input. If this is True then all subsequent layers in the model need to support masking or an exception will be raised. If mask_zero is set to True, as a consequence, index 0 cannot be used in the vocabulary (input_dim should equal size of vocabulary + 1).
  • input_length: Length of input sequences, when it is constant. This argument is required if you are going to connect Flatten then Dense layers upstream (without it, the shape of the dense outputs cannot be computed).

Input shape

2D tensor with shape: (batch_size, sequence_length).

Output shape

3D tensor with shape: (batch_size, sequence_length, output_dim).

References